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Second Spanish Civil War
Part of the First Cold War
2SCW-Map
The situation in Spain and Spanish Africa, mid 1974.
Date March 22, 1971 - June 3, 1978
(7 years, 2 months, 12 days)
Location Spain, Morocco, Gabon
Causes - Death of Francisco Franco
- Economic stagnation
- Diplomatic isolation
Result
Republican Victory
- End of the Spanish State
- Seizure of Spanish Africa by the UAR
- Yellow Revolution in Portugal
Belligerents
SpanishState-Flag Spanish State

UN-FlagOld International Volunteers

SpanishRepublic-Flag Third Spanish Republic

Supported by:
EU-NormalFlag European Union
USA-Flag50 United States (1976-1978)
AF-Flag United African Republics (1972-1976)

UN-FlagOld International Volunteers

SpanishSR-Flag Spanish Socialist Republic

Supported by:
Soviet-Flag Soviet Union (1972-1975)

Basque-Flag Euskadi (1971-1976)
Catalonia-Flag Catalonia (1971-1977)
Galicia-Flag Galicia (1971-1974)

UN-FlagOld International Volunteers

Commanders
SpanishState-Flag Luis Carrero Blanco
SpanishState-Flag Gonzalo de Córdoba
SpanishState-Flag Adolfo Colombo
SpanishRepublic-Flag Leopoldo Calvo-Sotelo
SpanishRepublic-Flag Fernando Martorell

EU-NormalFlag François-Xavier Ortoli
USA-Flag50 Jimmy Carter
AF-Flag Nzo Ekangaki
AF-Flag Ahmed Ben Bella

SpanishSR-Flag Rodolfo Llopis
Soviet-Flag Boris Gromov

Basque-Flag Josu Urrutikoetxea
Catalonia-Flag Josep Tarradellas
Galicia-Flag Bautista Álvarez

Strength
SpanishState-Flag 235,000

UN-FlagOld 25,000

Total: 260,000

SpanishRepublic-Flag 200,000

EU-NormalFlag 30,000
USA-Flag505,000
AF-Flag75,000

UN-FlagOld 45,000

Total: 355,000

SpanishSR-Flag 175,000
Soviet-Flag 1,000

Basque-Flag ~10,000
Catalonia-Flag ~50,000
Galicia-Flag~5,000

UN-FlagOld 25,000

Total: 241,000

Casualties and losses
56,000 dead
76,000 wounded or captured

Total:132,000

94,000 dead
61,000 wounded or captured

Total: 155,000

70,000 dead
45,000 wounded or captured

Total: 115,000

Civilian casualties: ~700,000
The Second Spanish Civil War (Spanish: Segunda Guerra Civil Española) was a civil war fought in Spain between 1971 and 1978. Falangist government forces fought against a coalition of republican and democratic forces in the northern and western parts of the country, a socialist rebellion in Andalusia and Murcia, and a variety of separatist groups centered around several of Spain's ethnic groups. The war was also intervened in by numerous world powers, most notably the United African Republics and it's seizure of Spanish possessions in Africa. The war has been called the last proxy conflict of the First Cold War, due to the interventions of both the Soviet Union and United States & European Community. The Republican forces won the war, establishing the Third Spanish Republic which existed until the federalization of the European Union in 2047.

The tipping point which began the civil war was the assassination of Caudillo Francisco Franco in a roadside bombing on March 14, 1971 by the armed Basque nationalist group Euskadi Ta Askatasuna (ETA). The assassination came at the height of mass unrest across the country protesting Spain's economic stagnation and diplomatic isolation from the rest of Europe. Following the assassination, the ETA began seizing government facilities in the Basque Country and subsequently proclaimed Euskadi and independent nation, being followed shortly after by the Catalan nationalist group Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya (ERC).

Following Franco's assassination, Vice President Luis Carrero Blanco was sworn in as Franco's successor, immediately

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