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The European Federal Union, commonly called the European Union or simply The EU, is a nation compromised of 37 federal states and multiple overseas territories. The bulk of the country on Earth is located within mainland Europe, with overseas holdings located in South America and the Atlantic Ocean. The European Union has two extraplanetary holdings: The Republic of Copernicus on Luna, and the recently-established Argyre Republic on Mars. With a population of 645 million, the EFU is the third most populous nation on Earth, approximately 2.72 billion behind the AEDU and 16 million ahead of the United States. The capital of the EU is Brussels, which functions as its own federal state, while the largest city is London, part of the British Line.

History

Pre-European Community

With support from the United States, and facing the threat of the USSR on its eastern flank, the nations of Western Europe met in Strasbourg, France to discuss terms for closer political, military, and economic cooperation in order to help the continent recover and reorganize in the aftermath of World War II. This was also spurred by the collapse of European colonial empires after the African Wars of Independence, which led to a substantial "Europe First" movement that sought to abandon most foreign affairs and instead concentrate on domestic and local matters, now that most European nations no longer had significant overseas investments.

European Community & European Union

European Community

The subsequent Lyon Treaty of 1951 brought into existence the European Community, a coalition of 5 nations that announced their intentions to pursue closer partnerships with each other and begin negotiations in foreign affairs and economic matters as a unified bloc. Not only was this meant to act as a political statement to the Warsaw Pact, and as an act of recovery for a badly damaged continent, but it was also made with the purpose of preventing a war like World War II from ever happening again; by integrating the political systems, economies, and societies of European nations, any two nations going to war would suffer greatly from the disruption alone, discouraging wars between members.

The newly-founded European Community expanded gradually into a titan of politics. Less than a year after it's formation, the United Kingdom joined the EC, strengthening it's position and power within Europe. The first test of the Community's political power came in the 1970s with the Second Spanish Civil War, where the European Community assisted forces loyal to the Kingdom of Spain after it was revealed that the Soviet Union had been assisting communist forces in Andalucía and Valencia. By the end of the Civil War in 1978, the European Community had cemented itself as the main political entity in Europe. By the 1990s, it had expanded to include Germany, Denmark, Ireland, Austria, Spain, Portugal, and Greece, with other countries expressing interest in possibly joining after the end of the First Cold War.

European Union

EU-Evolution

Territorial evolution of the European Union, 1951-2061

As the First Cold War came to an end and the Warsaw Pact dissolved, the European Community stood as the only remaining political organization on the continent. As more and more former soviet republics and satellite states began to turn towards the European Community for societal and economic stability. As a result, the nations of the European Community began to draft a new constitution in order to draw the existing nations closer together, as well as make it easier for new nations to enter. The Strasbourg Treaty was signed on May 16th, 1993, dissolving the European Community and creating the European Union.

The first two new nations to join the European Union would be Poland and Hungary, both in 1997. Czechoslovakia would follow soon after in 1998, followed by Romania in 1999. Non-former soviet states would join the new European Union, too. Norway officially joined in 1994 (carrying over its membership application from the European Community), followed by Sweden in 2000 and the United Balkan States in 2003.

As more and more states began to join the European Union, more developments were made to try and bring the EU countries closer together. The first major development was the creation of the Euro in 2000. The Euro was quickly adopted by most of the EU's member nations at the time and would be adopted by many new nations who joined afterword. Despite this, there was a movement in the late 2000s and early 2010s (primarily around the 2007 Recession) to scale down the power of the European Union and even get some states to leave. In 2010 a referendum in the United Kingdom to leave the European Union was defeated by 4%, and in 2011 a referendum in Spain was defeated by just 1.75%.

The events of June 26th, 2015 would be known as the greatest test to the European Union's ability to keep its countries together and lead during times of disaster. On the day of June 26th, multiple terrorist attacks were carried out in 15 cities from Lisbon to Budapest. In some cities, it took almost two days to return security and order to the streets, When it was over, almost 1,500 people had been killed and 3,500 at been injured. In the following months, the European Defense Force would be founded as a combination of the major militaries of the EU member nations.

As the shock of the 6/26 attacks wore off, the political manifesto "Pax Europae: The Case for a Stronger Europe" was published by former European Parliament President Martin Schulz in 2020 detailed an extensive plan for bringing the European Union together, culminating in the creation of a single federation within the next 50 years. The book received a positive response across the EU and lead to the rise of movements such as the European Unity Party to campaign for increased centralization.

During the Second Cold War, the European Union experienced tension with both the Russian Republic and Turkish State (which later turned into the Eurasian Union) on its eastern border. With the accession of Ukraine into the European Union in 2023, pro-Russian groups in the eastern part of the country began to ramp up their activity, leading to Russian forces seizing two of Ukraine's easternmost provinces in 2028. Ukraine, the European Union, and the United States all contested this occupation, though the European Union officially accepted Eurasian ownership of the Donbass in 2051 during the St. Petersburg Deal.

Unification

Post-Unification & Present Day

Spaceflight

Formation of the ESA

Early Spaceflight (1975-1992)

From Copernicus 4 to Ares 1

Post Ares 1

Demographics

Population

Largest Cities in the European Union

(Circa 2110)

City Population
London 19.8 million
Copenhagen 19.6 million
Berlin 18.4 million
Paris 16.5 million
Kiev 15.3 million
Madrid 15.2 million
Rhine-Ruhr Area 14.8 million
Amsterdam 13.2 million
Zagreb 11.6 million
Bucharest 10.1 million

Eurostat estimates the 2110 population of the European Union to be around 645 million, with 99.4% (641.2 million) living on Earth. The population has experienced a -6.39% change over 50 years and a -12.72% decrease from 2010. The European Union is the third most populous nation on Earth, 2.72 billion behind the AEDU and 16 million behind the United States. The population is expected to plateau on Earth and continue to grow offworld.

As of 2110, approximately 82% of the European population on Earth lives in urban areas (second-level divisions with more than 2000 people per square kilometer), with about 43% of them (36% of the total population) living within 5 federally-recognized megaregions: The Rennes-Rome Axis, the Golden Banana, the British Line, the Rhine Line, and the Scandinavian Banana. The largest city on Earth is London, and the largest city offworld is Luton on Luna.

Language

With having an extremely diverse population, the European Union is home to almost a hundred different languages. Of these, there are about three main language groups present within the country.

The Anglo-Germanic language family is the largest group by population, with approximately 221 million Europeans speaking one of the languages as their first language. The two largest languages in the group, German and English, are spoken by almost 145 million. English is the most widely spoken language in the EU as a whole, either as a first language or otherwise, with nearly 56% of Europeans having an understanding of the language. The second largest language group is the Romance languages, spoken by 188 million Europeans. The Romance languages (including Spanish, French, and Italian) are mainly spoken in the Southern and Western parts of mainland Europe, as well as in Romania. The third main language is the Slavic group. The Slavic group is understood by 84.3 million Europeans as a first language and is primarily spoken within the eastern part of the country and in the Balkans.

Religion

Officially, the Freedom title of the European CFR guarantees freedom of religion to all citizens. The largest religion within the EU is Christianity, with 46.2% of the population (34.2% Catholic, 12% Protestant). After Christianity, 10.9% of the population is Muslim, mostly descendants of immigrants that arrived in between the 1990s and 2020s from what is today the Union of Arab Republics. Third, 3.6% of the population is Jewish, primarily in France, Germany, Britain, and Ukraine. 5.9% of the population follow other religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism, and some pre-Christian folk religions. 34.1% of the population is irreligious, the second highest percentage (behind the AEDU).

Cybernetics

Since legalization in 2046, the European Union has one of the lowest percentages of cybernetically modified individuals, at roughly 32.5%. Of these, only 24.6% have 1-5 modifications, 6.35% have 6-10 modifications, and 1.55% are 'heavily modified' with more than 10 modifications.

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