African Bush War
Part of the First Cold War
Date July 1949 - April 27th, 1961
(11 years, 9 months)
Location Africa
Causes - UAR Victory in the African War on Independence

- Discrimination against Whites in former British and French Africa

Result - Temporary restriction of some rights for Whites in some parts of the UAR
- Further destruction of major cities in South Africa
- Great Transfer
- Growth of African Armed Forces
- Expansion of the UAR
AF-Flag United African Republics

UN-FlagOld Internaional Volunteers

Supported by:
Soviet-Flag Soviet Union (1951-1955)

Minor African Republics (1951-1960)

RAPF-Flag Rhodesian-African Front
ALA-Flag Afrikaner Bevrydingsleër
France-Flag Front Algérie Française
Portugal-Flag Aliança Africana Portuguesa

UN-FlagOld Internaional Volunteers

AF-Flag Kwame Nkrumah
AF-Flag Patrice Lumumba
AF-Flag Joshua Nkomo †
Egypt-Flag Gamal Nasser (1949-1959)
Mozambique-Flag Eduardo Mondlane (1949-1953)
Algeria-Flag Mourad Didouche † (1949-1954)

Soviet-Flag Vasily Sokolovsky (1951-1955)

RAPF-Flag Peter Walls †
ALA-Flag Ian Smith
France-Flag Raoul Salan
Portugal-Flag António dos Santos †
Casualties and losses
13,240 dead
11,200+ wounded or captured

Total: 24,440+

17,600+ dead
20,000+ wounded or captured


Civilian casualties: 30,000+
The African Bush War was a group of civil conflicts taking place between July 1949 and April 1961 throughout the newly-established United African Republic, and within lands that would become part of the country during the final months of the African Wars of Independence. It was fought between the government of the United African Republic and various White guerrilla groups, most notably the Rhodesian-African Front, the Afrikaner Liberation Army, the French Algeria Front, and the Portuguese African Coalition.

The conflict would lead to the temporary restriction of rights for White Europeans living in parts of the UAR (the Karohano system), as well as the start of the Great Transfer, the mass movement of Whites in the UAR moving to Europe or North America and of Africans or Arabs living in Europe moving to the UAR.

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